When bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. B. burgdorferi gets transmitted to the human body; it causes a special condition known as Lyme disease. It is an infectious viral disease which is caused by infected black-legged. Usually, the tick becomes infected when they feed on infected deer or mice.
Within 24 to 48 hours, the tick can transmit the infection. Also, most people who suffer from Lyme disease can’t remember any tick bite.
As per the reports, the Lyme disease was first diagnosed in Old Lyme town in 1975. When it comes to causing infection and illness from a tick, this is first reported disease. It was reported in Europe, Upper Midwest of US, Pacific Northwest, and Northeast. People who spend comparatively more time in woods are more prone to catch this infection. Also, if you keep domesticated animals, you can be at a higher risk of catching this infection.
Stages of Lyme Disease
Stage 1: Early Localized Disease
Symptoms start showing after one or two weeks when you get the tick bite. At a very early stage, the individual may get “bull’s-eye” rash. This signifies the multiplication in the number of bacteria in the bloodstream.
The person can easily identify the infected area as that part gets a rash circled by clean spot. This rash gets vanished after four weeks and does not feel itchy. While people with white complexion may get a deep red rash, people with dark complexion many get a purple bruise.
Stage 2: Early disseminated Lyme disease
After various weeks of the bite occurs, early disseminated Lyme disease. Bacteria starts to spread via the whole body. The symptoms include:
• a sore throat
• Vision problem
• enlarged lymph nodes
• muscle pains
At a very early stage, the person will have the feeling of general illness. Further, some other signs start to sweep in like, such as numbness and tingling.
Stage 3: Late disseminated Lyme disease
Late disseminated Lyme disease happens at the time of infection. This calls for an infection that occurs at stage 1 and 2. After that, stage 3 occurs some weeks, months, or even years after the tick bite. This stage includes:
• Painful headaches
• Restlessness in heart rhythm
• brain disorders that involve memory, mood, and sleep
• poor concentration
• numbness in body areas like arms, legs, hands, or feet
How is Lyme disease treated?
It is best to treat Lyme disease at a very early stage. During an early treatment, at least 14 to 21 days of oral antibiotics is necessary to remove any kind of infection.
Persistent Lyme disease should be treated with intravenous antibiotics for at least a time period of 14 to 21 days. Although this treatment removes all kind of infection, the symptoms start improving gradually.
Some of best methods to prevent Lyme disease is to avoid tick bites.
• Be vigilant of any apparent symptoms
• Give pets the anti-tick treatment regularly
• Take shower after coming in from outside
• It is better to remove ticks quickly. You can also click picture to show to your doctor.