"How do people get concussions"

A concussion is more like a traumatic brain injury that occurs after a dreadful impact on the head. A concussion often results in a changed mental state that leads to unconsciousness. 

Anyone can fall; get injured in a car accident or while any daily activity. People who are involved in sports activities like football or boxing, there comes a higher risk of facing a concussion. Concussions are not necessarily life-threatening, but they can lead to serious symptoms.

A concussion may bring a major change in brain’s normal functionality.

Also, concussions make a major subject of Brain Injury Research Institute studies. On the other hand, concussions may lead to some serious effects.  In some cases, even a mild bump appearing on the head can be very serious.

Some common symptoms may include a headache, fatigue, confusion, sleep disturbances or mood swings; symptoms are typically noticed right after the injury, but some might not be recognized until days or weeks later.

At the time of recovery, you may experience symptoms like:

•    Irritability

•    Hyper-sensitivity to light or noise

•    Difficulty in concentrating

•    Very mild headaches

The following are some of the common signs of concussion:

•    Irritability

•    Balancing issues

•    Lack of coordination

•    Seizures

•    Blood draining from nose or ears

•    Dissimilar pupil size

•    Unusual eye movement

•    More confusion

•    Mumbling speech

•    Loss of consciousness 

If you come across someone, who may experience, the person should be immediately admitted for medical care. 

How a concussion is treated?
Treatment depends entirely on the seriousness of the symptoms. Some other procedures may need brain surgery. These symptoms include:

•    Bleeding in the brain

•    Swelling of the brain

•    Any serious injury to the brain

Some long-term effects of multiple concussions include:

Anyone who has gone through concussion must not return to any vigorous sports activities without taking prior permission from a doctor. A second-time concussion may cause second-impact syndrome. Further this; this may also enhance the chances of intense brain swelling causing fatal effects.

Also, it is quite crucial to take rest after any concussion. Gradually, this allows the brain to heal naturally. Even when your doctor grants permission to involve into sports, that involvement should be very gradual. 

Some other long-term complications may include:

•    Post-concussion syndrome, that makes you experience the symptoms for several weeks instead of just a few days.

•    Post-traumatic headaches, that may run for a few months

•    Post-traumatic vertigo, or dizziness that may last for several months

How to prevent concussions
The risk can be reduced by wearing a right helmet along with other athletic safety gear. The helmet and gear should be well-fitted and safe to use. Also, consult your coach about all the safety playing techniques. 

Long-term outlook after a concussion
Most of the people may completely overcome the concussions trauma. However, it takes months of care and treatment to completely cure the symptoms. In rare cases, people may also experience emotional, mental, or physical alterations that may last quite long. Repeated concussions must be avoided as even though they are fatal, they can enhance the chances of getting a permanent brain damage.